MongoDB is a great NoSQL database management system. But using a single standalone MongoDB server is not the way you want to use it in the production level. In case you want to scale out and increase the throughput of your application you can use sharding to distribute your data in multiple clusters, called shards. Furthermore, MongoDB can support continuous availability and fault tolerance by using replication servers that form a replica set. A replica set not only provides us a mechanism for fault tolerance and availability but a way for safely and continuously backing up our data. The latency of our database queries can be improved by using primary and secondary indexes.

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