This project refers to an Arduino sketch which with the help of a relay (electromechanical switch) and a light sensor can drive an external device (e.g. a household lamp, a car alarm, a home air conditioner). More specifically, the Arduino collects samples from a light sensor at a specific rate and calculates the mean of samples for best accuracy. Then, if the average exceeds a threshold limit, it will activate the device via the relay. Also, the opposite happens where, if the average sensor value drops below the limit mentioned, the device is turned off.

Below is a picture of the project:

For more information you can get the project itself: